Thịt Kho Recipe – (Vietnamese Braised Pork with Eggs)

This thịt kho recipe is a low and slow braise so the meat is going to be reeeeally tender. In this recipe we’re going to use pork belly because the fat on it makes this taste much better.

If you can get pork belly with the bones, you’ll have even better results, but you can also substitute for whatever cut you prefer especially if you like it leaner. My ideal ratio of pork for this dish is actually 3/4 pork belly and 1/4 of a leaner cut like shoulder.

Thit kho with hard-boiled eggs (Vietnamese braised pork) - great with rice and popular on Lunar New Years!

This dish is seen in very slightly modded variations across other ethnic cuisines, not just Vietnamese. I’ve seen variations in Japanese food, Chinese food, Filipino and Taiwanese food too.

I don’t know the actual connection–why all these Asian cuisines have this. Perhaps is the readily available and common ingredients for a simple recipe. It keeps well, and is delicious too.

Hard-boiled eggs for thit kho - boil and peel them first!

Near me in Southern California’s Little Saigon, I hear you can get a higher quality of pork belly at Quang Minh Mini Market. It costs more for the belly, but there seems to be a consensus that its worth the cost–something I need to check out! However, I’m having excellent thit kho results from using nearby Vietnamese and Filipino supermarkets in the meantime.

Here are the brands I use for the seasoning: Rico coconut soda, Kikkoman soy sauce, and Three Crabs Brand fish sauce. The thick soy sauce brand is Koon Chun, to be used in a pinch for color, but you really should be making your own simple caramel coloring (nuoc mau).

thit kho seasoning

As a kid I enjoyed separating parts of this dish, mashing the yolk with the rice and spooning sauce over it. My cousins were always requesting grandma to make this dish, and even as they grew older. They’d request this dish with “extra sauce” for y’all salt fiends. It is an easy and effective way to stretch the dish with more rice too.

This dish is commonly eaten with a side of dua chua (pickled mustard greens) which provides a fresh and crunchy balance. Any kind of salty meat like this pairs well with a pungent, vinegary pickle.

Chopped yellow onions for thit kho, to add another layer of flavor

Notes:
I have tried adding slices of yellow onion too and it adds a nice layer of flavor to this dish. You can remove the onion at the end of the braise if you prefer since it will have given up all its flavor to the broth.

For the seasoning in this thịt kho recipe: tinker with the soy sauce, fish sauce, and salt after the liquid has finished reducing, to taste. This dish scales very well too if you want to make larger quantities for the family. I love the eggs with this, personally, at almost a 1:1 ratio so it’s hard to have too many.

If you’re feeling extra fancy, instead of boiling these for hard yolks, you can follow the steps on my ramen egg recipe for gooey, jammy yolks instead, and marinate in the sauce in this recipe before serving the eggs.

Thit kho with hard-boiled eggs and pickled mustard greens

Thịt Kho - Vietnamese Braised Pork with Eggs

5 from 8 votes
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Author: Hungry Huy
Prep: 10 mins
Cook: 2 hrs
Total: 2 hrs 10 mins
Servings: 5 -6

Ingredients

  • 2 lb pork belly cut into 1.5" cubes
  • 8 hard-boiled eggs
  • 6 oz coconut soda Rico brand. Coca Cola or 7 Up works in a pinch too.
  • 3 tbsp fish sauce
  • 3 tbsp soy sauce or fish sauce
  • 2 tsp salt
  • 1 yellow onion cut into large pieces (6-8 large chunks)
  • 4 tbsp caramel color (nuoc mau) Depending on how dark your caramel sauce gets, you may not need to use all of it.

Instructions

  • Cut the pork into smaller pieces. I like 1.5" cubes so it cooks slightly faster.
  • Bring 2-3 quarts of water boiling on high, or enough to fully submerge the pork.When the water's boiling, add the pork for 1-2 minutes just to clean it. Drain then rinse the pork under running water until the water is clear.
  • Add the coconut soda, soy sauce, fish sauce and salt to the pot.
  • Fill up the pot until the water just covers the pork. Turn the heat to high.
  • When it hits a boil, drop the heat until you still see a slight boil, maybe about about 25% heat and let it simmer uncovered for about 1.5 to 2 hours. Check and stir the pot every 20 minutes. The longer you cook it, the softer the pork gets. Leaving it slightly uncovered lets the liquid reduce so you get a nice concentrated sauce later.
  • Make the caramel color (nuoc mau) and add it to the pot.
  • Make the hard-boiled eggs: add to a pot and cover the eggs with cold water by 1 inch. Bring to a boil on medium-high heat. Remove from heat and let it sit for 8 minutes. Cool in water then peel. Add the hard boiled eggs to the pot of pork in the last ~30-40 minutes of cooking. Add the onions at this time too.
  • When there are about 30 minutes left on the timer, add the eggs. Eventually we want the liquid to reduce to about 1/3 or 1/4 of the original.
Course: Dinner
Cuisine: Vietnamese
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56 thoughts on “Thịt Kho Recipe – (Vietnamese Braised Pork with Eggs)

    1. You only need to cover it slightly at the start so the liquid can reduce. Towards the end you can probably remove the lid entirely–adjust as needed.

  1. A friend made this as a comfort meal for me once and I loved it!
    Now I can try making it for my family. Wondering if this needs to be simmered covered with a lid or left open to boil? Thanks

    1. Lid open mostly, to reduce. If the meat is still tough you can add water as needed and continue to boil uncovered until it reaches a sauce thickness you like.

  2. I love the pictures and the steps are very similar to my notes from my mom’s cooking lesson to me. The only thing is I just cooked it today with the country style boneless ribs and I compared it to the pork belly meat. Somehow the rib meat was more tough. Is there a way to make it more tender? I cooked 2hrs as your recipe dictates.

    Also, many people asked & I wonder also, do you cook your pot covered or uncovered?

    1. I cook it uncovered so the liquid can reduce (evaporate) to an amount I like. If you see it reduces too much you can put the lid back on or add some water.

      As for toughness of the meat, different cuts will vary in amount of connective tissue. Just cook it longer if its still too tough. At first I was afraid to overcook it, but giving it more time has always resulted in tender results. Just check it every 15 minutes or so.

  3. 5 stars
    Is that a typo? This doesn’t take 20 hours does it? If so, can we cook this in a crock pot?

    By the way, I’ve had this dish many times at parties and IT IS TO DIE FOR! I love that the ingredients are simple and so are the directions. Is there a substitute for the coconut soda, if I’m not able to find it? Thanks!

    1. I’m DYING, that’s hilarious!! Yeah I meant to say 2 hours–oops, that’s been updated and thanks!

      The best thing you can use is fresh coconut juice, coco soda 2nd, then 3rd is cola or lemon-lime soda. Hope that helps.

  4. Can you substitute chicken or beef? I do not eat Pork. I’m sure it won’t taste the same but thought I would ask

    1. Hey Trinity, I personally haven’t tried it but I bet it would be pretty good too. I’ve had this with tofu instead of meat and really enjoy that version too!

  5. 5 stars
    Super easy recipe to follow, and ended up delicious! I used pork shoulder only because the local grocery store didn’t have any pork belly left, and the end product was still absolutely delicious! The meat was so tender and flavorful without being too salty. Thanks for sharing this recipe!

    1. Hey Amy glad to hear you liked it! Yeah you can really use any cut of pork you want and it still turns out pretty well 🙂

  6. 5 stars
    delicious recipe. parents were away on vacation and i was craving thit kho. i didnt know how to make it and stumbled up this recipe. followed the steps as written and the product was wonderful. thank you

  7. This recipe is amazing! I couldn’t remmeber all the steps my family uses to make Thit Kho, but I found your website and it’s exactly like how they make it!!!! Thank you so much! 😀

  8. I am 100% trying this recipe this week! One of my favourite dishes that my mom makes but had no idea how to do it. Funny enough I stumbled across your website searching for a champorado recipe to make for my half Filipino sons haha instead I landed a gold mine of Vietnamese recipes!

  9. Yes, thank you for this recipe! This is one of my many favorite Vietnamese comfort dishes. I can never get a recipe from my family, so thanks for making this easy and accessible!

  10. 5 stars
    I just made Thit Kho using this recipe and it turned out amazing! (I used fresh coconut juice, and put some Vietnamese chili, green onions, and garlic in the broth as well.) Thank you for your awesome recipe and your awesome website! 🙂

  11. Thanks Huy! I wanted to bring back a taste from my childhood and this hit the spot.

    I added bamboo shoots to it and it was delicious! Everything else, I followed precisely. (Except I messed up on the nuoc mau step and added water in the beginning)

    Thanks for the comfort food!

  12. 5 stars
    Hi, I made this and it was wonderful. I noticed that you didn’t tell us when to add the onions to the broth. I added the onions at the same time as the boiled eggs and it was great. Thank you for sharing your recipe!

    1. Yep this timing works–I’ve updated the recipe! You can add it later if you want crunchier onions. Thanks for sharing, and reading my blog, Christine!

  13. 5 stars
    My mom used to make this once in a while for us as kids.

    My mom would fry the eggs in a pan to get texture, and add bamboo. yummy.

  14. First time making thit kho- very tasty and tender . Never learned to cook until later in life. Hope my little ones will enjoy it.

  15. hi!! i have been looking all over for the coco rico but cant find it.. do you know of any place to get it in southern california?
    or a substitute?

  16. 5 stars
    Thank you Huy! My wife is Vietnamese and I have been cooking recipes off your site dor a few months now, she approves! Always check this site first when I feel like cooking some Vietnamese dishes!

    1. Sorry that’s unclear, its the dark soy sauce! However I recommend skipping that and making your own caramel color instead.

  17. 5 stars
    Hey Huy!
    Thank you for this easy to follow recipe. My sister and I LOVE this dish growing up but and unfortunately didn’t learn how to make this. Over Christmas I made this for our kids and like us they LOVED it.
    A million thank yous!

  18. Hi Huy!

    I’ve been following your recipes for a couple years now and am always always always happy with how they come out! I’m Vietnamese myself and my family have been very happy with the results =)

    Usually in the past when I’ve used this recipe I’ve just done it with pork shoulder or something similar. However this time I’m doing it with the Pork Belly and I was just wondering if you leave the skin or take it off?

  19. Hi Huy,
    This recipe was delicious, it tasted exactly the way my mum makes it. The whole family were very impressed!

    Do you have a recipe for Bo Kho?

    Thanks

    1. Thanks Jenny glad you and you family enjoyed it! A bo kho recipe is on the way, if you sign up for my email list you’ll get a message when its out.

  20. Hi there, I put 4 tbsp of fish sauce, 2 tbsp of soy sauce and 2 tsp of salt but the dish turn out to be really salty. I add caramelized sugar sauce at the end, but it only make the sauce sweeter not the meat… Is there anything I can do to lessen the saltiness? Many thanks!

    1. Hey Sarah! Are you putting the coconut soda in to braise? This adds most of the sugar–you can also make and add the caramel color with all the other seasonings too. If you want it less salty you can reduce the fish sauce and soy sauce by 1 tbsp each or more, then taste and readjust at the end to your liking.

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